The 14 principles of the TOYOTA way

The 14 principles according to Jeffrey LIKER

14 TOYOTA principles are explained in the book “The Toyota Way” from Jeffrey LIKER.

They are divided into 4 sections:

  1. Long-term philosophy
  2. The right process to produce good results
  3. Improve the organization by changing individuals
  4. Solve problems constantly to improve

1st principle : Base your management decisions on a long-term philosophy, even at the expense of short-term financial goals.

You have to see over the long term and it does not look only to the short-term profit.

2nd principle : Create a continuous process flow to bring problems to the surface.

Processes are improved with a view to a production one piece flow to reveal and thus eliminate waste.

3rd principle : Use “pull” systems to avoid overproduction.

The goal is to provide the customer what he wants, when he wants and in the quantities he wants. Must be produced at the rate of customer demand and not on forecasts.

4th principle : Level out the workload.

You have to work to try to level the production and thus avoid incurring peaks and troughs. This objective should be that of all: the sales department on logistics through production.

5th principle : Build a culture of stopping to fix problems, to get quality right the first time.

Stop production at the first sign of a problem, and put in place a system that supports the rapid problems solving.

6th principle : Standardized tasks and processes are the foundation for continuous improvement and employee empowerment.

Use stable methods. Incorporate best practices. Allow employee creativity. Enable knowledge transfer.

7th principle : Use visual control so no problems are hidden.

Use simple visual inspections to detect problems. This is the principle of 5S and visual management.

8th principle : Use only reliable, thoroughly tested technology that serves your people and processes.

Use proven technologies. Test before implementing. Integrate proven technologies to improve the process.

9th principle : Grow leaders who thoroughly understand the work, live the philosophy, and teach it to others.

Form inside the business leaders who live the company philosophy and perfectly know the daily work.

10th principle : Develop exceptional people and teams who follow your company’s philosophy.

Create a corporate culture by practicing and involving individuals.

11th principle : Respect your extended network of partners and suppliers by challenging them and helping them improve.

Respect its partners. Their set goals by assisting in achieving these. Think that helping them progress, we help to progress.

12th principle : Go and see for yourself to thoroughly understand the situation.

Go to the plant to understand and solve problems. Working from information verified alone. Knowing the plant.

13th principle : Make decisions slowly by consensus, thoroughly considering all options; implement decisions rapidly.

Consider all options. Getting a consensus. Remain cautious in applying a solution.

14th principle : Become a learning organization through relentless reflection and continuous improvement.

Continually seek to improve, among other by forming and seeking waste.